By Wang Hongyi in Shanghai ( China Daily) Chinese student Zou Minzhe answers a question in a statistics class at Orono High School in Orono, Maine, United States, on March 8, 2011. Zou has credited his year at the school with helping him get accepted to five US colleges. Robert F Bukaty / for China Daily Although he is in only his first year of high school, 15-year-old Zhang Han has already made the decision to go to the United States immediately after graduation. He has drawn up a clear three-year plan that starts with going to Hong Kong in June to take the Scholastic Assessment Test, a standardized US college admissions exam. In July, he will take the Test of English as a Foreign Language. After a summer of studying, he then intends to take the tests again in September and October, with the expectation of getting higher scores. Finally, he will finish his applications for US universities, including submitting his SAT and TOEFL results, before February 2014. "Today, more students study abroad, and consequently the competition for places at US universities, especially top schools, is even tougher," said Zhang, who attends a prestigious school in Tianjin. "It''''s very important to prepare early." Like many students who take the tests, Zhang plans to take the SAT two or three times, even though it means frequent flights to Hong Kong. "I plan to study at a college that''''s in the top 20 to 30 in the US, which means I have to gain a very competitive SAT score," he said. The SAT, which is held six times a year, is not offered on the Chinese mainland, and the nearest test center is in Hong Kong. Most of the top US universities require a candidate''''s SAT score. The number of mainland students taking the SAT in Hong Kong rose from 200 to 20,000 between 2003 and 2010, according to the Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority, and the figure is expected to exceed 40,000 this year. And according to a source at New Oriental Education, the country''''s largest English education and training organization, it has seen a 20 to 30 percent increase in students receiving SAT training every year. Some industry insiders also estimated that nationwide, there are about 25,000 to 30,000 "SAT-prep" students, including Zhang Han. These students are in their first or second year of high school. To cater to the growing demand for SAT training among mainland students, many agencies are working with tourism companies to provide an all-around service to transport them to Hong Kong. With a team leader, "test group" travelers are arranged to Hong Kong by a charter flight. And there will be a shuttle to take students from the hotel to the test center. Usually, a teacher will organize a last-minute training at the hotel one day before the test. The average cost of the whole trip is about 5000 yuan ($801.5)a little bit higher than other travel packages for shopping to this famous tax-free city. "This trip is very convenient. Parents are often very busy; they cannot find time to accompany their children," said Mao Shuqian, a former Nanyang Model High School student in Shanghai who took the SAT trip organized by New Oriental last year. She is now studying business economics at the University of California, Los Angeles. "I have been living with my parents for a long time. I wanted to have an independent life," she said, when asked about why she chose to study abroad. "Also, the education concept and method is different from Chinese universities." Zhang had a similar answer to that question. "I''''m actually very confident of being able to get into a top university in China through the gaokao (the national college entrance exam), but I''''d more like to experience higher education overseas," the 15-year-old said. In the past, it was common to see students go abroad for further study after completing a college degree, said Liu Qing, a consultant from Shanghai Vision Overseas Consulting, part of the New Oriental Group, "but these days, students going overseas are younger, and some teenagers even begin high school abroad." The gaokao, once the biggest event in a Chinese student''''s teenage life, now seems less intense. The number of students taking the exam has fallen for past four consecutive years, from 10.5 million in 2008 to 9 million this year, according to the Ministry of Education. A 2010 survey of 3,000 Chinese parents by international training company Education First found that more than 40 percent planned to send their children abroad after high school. A report in September by the Social Sciences Academy Press also stated that about 340,000 mainland students went overseas for study in 2011. Researchers noted that a growing number of students at high schools, especially renowned institutions, are opting to skip the gaokao to continue their education overseas. In some key high schools, the trend is obvious. This year, foreign universities accepted more than 20 percent of graduates from the high school affiliated with Shanghai''''s Fudan University. Top colleges overseas also enrolled more than 30 students from the high school affiliated with Shanghai International Studies University. "This is a considerable number, and it includes many excellent students," said Chen Qun, president of East China Normal University. "Education authorities should pay attention to this trend, as the country''''s brightest young students are flocking to attend US college admission tests." Another education expert, Xiong Bingqi, deputy director of the 21st Century Education Research Institute in Beijing, agreed. "If no reform is made to the current education and exam systems, more excellent students will go to overseas universities," he said. "It will leave a distance between Chinese universities and their overseas counterparts," he warned. firstname.lastname@example.org 《中国日报》 日期：2012年11月17日版次：03 作者：Wang Hongyi 链接：
Another reason for the decline is increasing competition from countries like Canada, Britain and Australia, said Allan E. Goodman, president of the institute.
Carol Spradling, director of the school of computer science at Northwest Missouri State University, said international enrollment began declining precipitously two years ago, following a “perfect storm” that included President Trump’s election with his tough talk on immigration and the shooting of an Indian immigrant worker in Olathe, Kan. The downturn, she said, had a huge impact on her school’s finances.
A breakdown of declines by country was not yet available for fall 2017.
The drop takes the number of new students back to the level seen three or four years ago.
根据国际教育协会(Institute of International Education)对全美近500所高校的调查数据，2017年秋季新入学的国际学生数量减少了7%，有45%的高校反映新入学的国际学生数量出现下降。
A strong dollar has made US college tuition relatively more expensive, Canadian and European universities are competing fiercely for the same students and headlines about mass shootings also may have deterred some students, said Allan Goodman, president of IIE.
Several factors are driving the decrease. Visa and immigration policy changes by the Trump administration have deterred some international students from enrolling, college administrators and immigration analysts said.
At the University of Central Missouri, foreign enrollment surged to 2600 in 2016 before plummeting to just 650 this year, according to data obtained by The AP.
Similar to previous years, the largest numbers of students came from China, India and South Korea, which together made up 56.1 percent of all international students.
(in the US) a senior member of the staff who organize the affairs of some universities （美国某些大学的）教务长
Meanwhile, the total number of international students in the US plus those working here on a student visa rose by just 1.5% this year. That was down from average annual growth of 6.1% over the past decade, a period during which enrollment of international students doubled.
数据下滑的另一个原因是来自加拿大、英国、澳大利亚的竞争在不断加强，国际教育协会主席艾伦·E·古德曼(Allan E. Goodman)说道。
International students have become an important funding source for American colleges as traditional revenue sources, such as state funding, come under pressure. Most undergraduate foreign students do not qualify for need-based financial aid and must pay close to full tuition and fees to attend US schools.
(in a college or university, especially at Oxford or Cambridge) a person who is responsible for the discipline of students （大学，尤指牛津、剑桥大学的）学监
Students from abroad are still flocking to the coasts, but are less interested in the South and Midwest.
Canada reported a 20 percent jump in 2017, while Australia saw a 12 percent increase.
~ of sth (into sth) (formal) the act of adding sth to sth else in order to make it stronger or more successful 注入；灌输
艾奥瓦大学国际项目主任唐宁·托马斯(Downing Thomas)表示，十大联盟(Big Ten)中的其他高校也遭遇了人数下降，没有一所学校还有不久前的那种快速增长。
(North Amercian English) = doyen
In the fall of 2016, the Warrensburg, Mo., university had 2,638 international students. This fall it has 944.
( also rural dean) (British English) a priest who is in charge of the priests of several churches in an area （乡间主管若干教堂牧师的）主任牧师
US enrollment of international students declined for the second year in a row, sending waves of unease across American colleges and universities, which see students from abroad as a buffer against the falling number of US high-school students graduating each year.
艾奥瓦大学(University of Iowa)今年秋季国际学生入学总数从2015年的4100人降为3564人。
“Although India wasn’t listed as one of the countries, certainly feeling welcome and safe and all those things is important,” he said. “It would be naïve to say that wasn’t a contributing factor.”
“Everything matters from safety, to cost, to perhaps perceptions of visa policy,” Goodman said.
“We’re hearing that they have choices. We’re hearing that there’s competition from other countries.”
a prospective buyer
expected to happen soon 即将发生的；行将来临的
Foreign students are big business: They pumped $42 billion into US college and university coffers in the 2017-18 school year alone.
a person in a university who is in charge of a department of studies （大学的）学院院长，系主任
In fall 2016, the sharpest drops nationally from a year earlier involved students from Brazil and Saudi Arabia, which cut back on funding international scholarships.
While Iowa primarily lost Chinese students, the University of Central Missouri experienced a sharp decline this year in students from India, said Mike Godard, vice provost for enrollment management.
Much of the record was driven by 175,000 students who have remained in the United States after completing their degrees, in internship-type programs known as “optional practical training.”
At Purdue University, one of the nation's biggest hubs for international students, total foreign enrollment fell by 2 percent this year.
“Students are not feeling welcome in some states, so they are looking beyond those states and heading to places where they will feel welcome,” she said.
Downing Thomas, the university’s dean of international programs, said that some other schools in the Big Ten are also experiencing declines, and none are seeing the rapid increases of the recent past.
The shift is due to a combination of politics, geography and branding, said Alejandra Sosa Pieroni, an international recruitment expert with Ruffalo Noel Levitz, a company that consults with colleges to improve enrollment.
艾奥瓦大学减少的主要是中国学生，而中密苏里大学(University of Central Missouri)负责招生工作的副教务长麦克·戈达德(Mike Godard)表示，该校今年的印度学生数量骤降。
The report also found that the number of US students studying abroad ticked up by 2 percent last year, continuing eight years of slow but steady growth. Europe remained the top destination, followed by Latin America and Asia.
[可数名词, 不可数名词](medical 医) an act of slowly putting a drug or other substance into a person's vein ; the drug that is used in this way （药物等的）输注；注入用药物
The number of new international students enrolling at American institutions fell by 6.6% during the 2017-18 academic year, on top of a 3.3% decline the year before, according to a report by the Institute of International Education released Tuesday.
(in Scotland) the head of a council in some towns, cities and districts （苏格兰的）市长，镇长，区长
a drink or medicine made by leaving herbs , etc. in hot water 沏成的饮料；炮制的草药
The figures released Monday also included final numbers for 2016-2017, which show robust international enrollment, with a record 1.08 million international students in the United States, an increase of 85 percent from a decade earlier.
The US is also losing students to English-speaking countries such as Canada, Australia and the UK, which have all seen growth in the past year.
International enrollment fell by 4 percent following the Sept. 11 attacks in 2001, according to data provided by the institute.
(in the Anglican Church 圣公会) a priest of high rank who is in charge of the other priests in a cathedral 座堂主任牧师
The drop in new students signals potential financial difficulties for some small universities that have come to rely on money from foreign students, who provide an infusion of $39 billion into the United States economy each year.
“It’s a mix of factors,” said Rajika Bhandari, head of research for the institute, which collects data on international students in cooperation with the State Department. “Concerns around the travel ban had a lot to do with concerns around personal safety based on a few incidents involving international students, and a generalized concern about whether they’re safe.”
The first new college class since the election of Donald J. Trump has arrived on campus, and new numbers confirm what the higher education industry had feared: Fewer foreign students are coming to the United States.
Particularly hard hit are campuses in the Midwest, according to the institute.
Prospective students from India — interviewed shortly after last year’s presidential election — have expressed fears about the racial climate in the United States, concerns that might have been heightened after the shooting death in February of an Indian engineer in a suburban Kansas City bar.
(in Britain) the person in charge of a college at some universities （英国某些大学的）学院院长
The 2016-2017 figures, though, revealed that first-time international students dropped 3 percent, indicating that the decline had begun before President Trump took office.
The number of newly arriving international students declined an average 7 percent in fall 2017, with 45 percent of campuses reporting drops in new international enrollment, according to a survey of nearly 500 campuses across the country by the Institute of International Education.
Dr. Godard said fewer students came from India partly because of a currency crisis in the country, but also because of concerns about the Trump administration’s travel ban affecting Muslim countries. India was not on that list, but Dr. Godard said many of the university’s Indian students were from Muslim areas of the country and were concerned about the ban.
They are worried about prospective changes in the law.
At the University of Iowa, overall international enrollment this fall was 3,564, down from 4,100 in 2015.
Experts cited an uncertain social and political climate in the United States as part of the reason for the decline in enrollment.
expected to do sth or to become sth 有望的；可能的；预期的；潜在的
an infusion of new talent into science education
增长主要来自在毕业后选择留在美国参加“选择性实习”(Optional Practical Training)项目的17.5万名学生。
Fewer Foreign Students Are Coming to U.S., Survey Shows
The company needs an infusion of new blood (= new employees with new ideas) .
a cash infusion into the business