xml地图|网站地图|网站标签 [设为首页] [加入收藏]


2019-11-22 作者:外语留学   |   浏览(79)


乐白家手机客户端 1



  The past years have witnessed a mounting number of Chinese scholars returning from overseas. As is lively illustrated by the column chart, the number of returnees climbed from a mere 69.3 thousand in 2008 to over 272.9 thousand in 2012, at an annual increase rate of around 50%.

Gaokao, or the National College Entrance Exam of China, is one of the most controversial topics in the country. Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said that the government will deepen the reforms on education and the enrollment system so that each person would have the opportunity to change their own destiny through education. He said this in the government work report he delivered during the opening session of this year's NPC, China's top legislature National People's Congress, on Thursday in Beijing.What's included in the reforms? And will the reform make Gaokao a better channel for social mobility? Let's follow our reporter Chi Huiguang to find out.Just one day before the government report was delivered, on March 4, the Education Ministry of China announced that it will reform the Gaokao system and education enrollment, in order to further the educational fairness. On its official site, the ministry has published 40 key points of focus for this year.



  A multitude of factors may have led to the tendency revealed by the chart, but the following are the critical ones from my perspective. First and foremost, along with the development of Chinese economy and society, the number of Chinese studying abroad has been soaring in the past years, which has provided an expanding base for the number of returnees. In the second place, the government has enacted a series of preferential policies to attract overseas Chinese scholars back home. Last but not least, the booming economy, science and technology in this country have generated more attative job opportunites for scholars returning from overseas.

The reforms include changes in scoring of Gaokao, which will come in a new 3 plus 3 format. Vice principal of the High School Affiliated to Beijing Normal University, Liang Yuancao, explains what it is.



CCTV news is my father’s favorite TV program. In that program, there is a session called foreign news. Believe it or not, every time after the president of other countries gave a speech, my father would ask me, hey son, what did they say? Translate it to Chinese. I mean, if they spoke in English, that is OK. But sometimes, they might speak other languages like German or French, which I did not understand a single word. At those moments, my father was very angry, hey son, I paid you in college to learn that. Now you tell me you don’t understand. Good evening, ladies and gentlemen, my name is Harry. I was an English major student. Today, I am gonna share with you the experience of being an English major student.

Being an English major student, I found life was not easy. People around me used to ask one question. Why, why did you major in English? The reasons for this question vary from people to people. Some people major in English because they dream to be a diplomat like Lizhaoxing, and other people learn English in order to be translators or English teachers. I was different. I learnt English because I didn’t get a high mark for economics or managements in college entrance examination. At that time, I only had two choices, Chinese and English. Because I could speak Chinese pretty good, so English it is.

乐白家手机客户端 2


Being an English major student, I found there were so many girls in our class. More girls meant few boys. It is true. We had 4 boys back in college. Our class never participated in any basketball game, simply because we didn’t have enough players. We ranked the last one in all school’s sporting meeting. This never changed in college. Things got even worse in postgraduate. The number of boys decreased to 3. Then the only pleasure for us, mahjong was gone, and we began to play 斗地主.

Some people might say that having girls in class is good. It means we are more likely to have a girlfriend. Long hair, short hair, tall, not tall, you could choose any type you like. But things do not develop as you think. Back in college, I found that those girls in our class were not interested in us at all. They loved the handsome that could play basketball well. They loved the boys majoring in economics, engineering, and medicines. They thought those major students were more likely to be rich in the future.

Being an English major student, I thought my life was so sad. English was not even my first choice. Then one day I found I was not that special. In fact, it is natural that people sometimes cannot major in the subject they liked. Just like me, many people majored in law because they didn’t get enough marks for finance, many people major in finance because mathematics failed them, and many people majored in mathematics because they were not qualified for engineering. Faced with this situation, you can chose to complain all day along and refuse to accept this pathetic fact. Or you can live a positive way, then you will find it has some surprising benefits too.

Being an English major student, especially for the male English major student, you are more likely to be a super scholar. Because skipping from class was quite difficult or even impossible. If one girl was missing, the teacher could barely notice. But if one boy was missing, that’s the end of the world. Because we never skipped from classes, so our academic performance was much better than the girls. One of us went to a very prestigious university in USA for his doctor degree, and he was the only one.

Also, being an English major student, you are more likely to be a popular person in your work. When your boss want to travel in other countries, they always need a translator; when the HR of your company want to take the TOEFL exam, he or she will always ask you for advices; when the company plans to recruit some talent to be in charge of the overseas business, you will be their first choice. Then you will find all the things you have learnt for years suddenly become something so valuable. Your colleges envied your special skills, and they dreamed to know English well just like you.

Ladies and gentlemen, maybe English is not so fancy or advanced, and I have experienced lots of doubts and unfair treatments, saying English is not even a major. But I am proud of being an English major student. You see, it is not about the major itself. What really matters is actually what it can teach you. Being an English major student, I learnt to live a positive life. Being an English major student, I learnt to make good use of my talents in language. Being an English major student, I learnt to motivate other people to learn English and join TMC. In fact, once you have graduated from college, you will find few people will care about your major. Instead, they focus on what you can do, and what you can bring to them.

Ladies and gentlemen, I was an English major student, and I was, I am and I will be proud of that.

乐白家手机客户端 3

Best Prepared Speaker-Harry.jpg

  The waves of returnees will definitely contribute to this nation’s development, since they have brought back not only advanced science and technology but also pioneering concepts of education and management. With more scholars coming back from overseas, and with the concerted efforts of the whole nation, we have reasons to expect a faster rejuvenation of this country.

The three major subjects of math, Chinese and English are still kept in the unified exam of national or provincial level. In addition, students have to choose 3 scores out of the elective subjects including politics, history, geography, physics, chemistry and biology to be included in their overall scores of Gaokao. The elective subjects should be chosen according to both their own interests or superiority, and the requirements of the university they want to enroll.



Zhou Xingguo, principal of AnShan No.1 Middle School in northeast China's Liaoning province says that universities will not base their judgment of applicants solely just on scores in the future.


  This is a satiric but true-to-life drawing. As we can see in it, a man is drowning, with only one arm above water gesturing for help. Those standing on the bank, however, instead of lending a helping hand, are busy photographing with their mobile phones, most possibly taking the scene as another eyeball-attractor on the Internet.

We also take in consideration of comprehensive assessments on elective classes as well as evaluations on morality standards, physical health, art cultivation and social practices. It is a multivariate enrollment system.


  Exaggerating as it might be, the phenomenon mirrored by the cartoon is not uncommon in modern society. Actually, both the picture and instances in real life point to the fact that many people nowadays ignore what they should do due to the use of mobile phones and the Internet. It never too rare to see some people taking pictures of newly served dishes in a restaurant and upload them to their friend circle in We Chat. Nor is it to find people busy taking photos and update their micro blogs when touring. Some even fail to take proper actions in case of emergency, just as the crowd in the picture do. Their only goal seems to be attracting as much attention online as possible.

乐白家手机客户端 4


  Such being the case, it is high time that we pondered over the problem and figured out a solution. Among all measures, I believe, the central one should be resisting the temptation of vanity brought along by such modern self-media as micro blog, and coming more back to life itself.

Pang Weiguo



Professor Pang Weiguo from East China Normal Universityin Shanghai expresses positive attitude toward the reform: Students will be evaluated by their overall performances in their high school or even longer periods. For instance, some students who have strong capabilities on interpersonal communication or community and public welfare activities, which are hard to reflect on the test papers of Gaokao currently. So the comprehensive assessment is a more reasonable evaluation method.Professor Li Ruifeng, deputy to the NPC from Taiyuan University of Technology in the province of Shanxi, says though having long been scolded for suffocating creativity, Gaokao has still been fair in selecting high-scoring students for the country's limited higher education institutions. However, he says the reform is a necessity and also an improvement to the current system.


  Is It Up to Students to Evaluate Teachers?

First of all, it changes the system of determining your future with a set of tests during a few days. Especially the English exam. After the reform, students can take the test twice in one year, and pick the better result to add to their total score, which will ease the pressure from both the students and their families. And, the elective subjects policy of the comprehensive evaluation system gives both the universities and the students better chances to make better choices. Li says, the elective-class teaching method breaks the traditional fixed class arrangement in Chinese high schools, and encourages students to plan for their academic future when they are in secondary schools.Under the current system, students bury themselves in studying for 12 years of primary and secondary education, and only start to think what they would do in the future after the Gaokao. The reform will help inspire students' potential and encourage in-depth pursuit of their interests. Principle Liang Yuancao voices his support for the change.The new system also allows academically gifted students to advance to a higher-level class according to their interests and talents, after they meet the common requirements on other subjects.Principle Zhou Xingguo also confirms high schools in Liaoning province will change their curriculum to align with the Gaokao reform.Professor Pang Weiguo believes under the new enrollment scheme, colleges may favor a student by taking into consideration the score of one of the student's three elective classes. This is a glad tiding for those who are particularly good at one certain subject. It's a common phenomenon in the earlier age of Peking University and Tsinghua University to accept students not only based on their overall scores but also on their elective classes. Famous historian Wu Han, well-known writer Qian Zhongshu, and top scientist Qian Weichang would not have been able to attend college under the current system. The reform also take in consideration of these kinds of students, it's good for them.Pang also says the reformed Gaokao becomes similar to the American Scholastic Assessment Test, or SAT.David Moser, Academic Director at CET Chinese Studies of Capital Normal University in Beijing who comes from the United States, gives a comparison of the two biggest college entrance examination in the world. As some people may know that the SAT test for college entrance is only one of several criteria that colleges use to evaluate students in the United States. Some feels that it is a better system because it is a more comprehensive evaluation that looks at students from other angles, besides just the performance on the test. I think it is a good move for Chinese students to reform the Gaokao.The reforms have also sparked discussion over how to ensure fairness of the Gaokao. Many education experts say the reforms could objectively and comprehensively reflect students' improvement in middle school.On the other hand, there are public concerns about the abuse of power. People are worried that the admission will have no clear standard if the significance of scores is reduced. Some are even concerned that those students from wealthier families or families with better social resources can get better certifications of social practices, which will bring new unfairness into the comprehensive evaluation system.David Moser understands the worries: To be quite honest, this situation of unfairness still exists in the United States and in other countries, and it still exists under the Gaokao system. It's always the case that parents with better economic means are able to give their children better educational opportunities at home and in the schools. The reform of the Gaokao in this sense, cannot completely correct that problem. But I will also mention one other thing; I think the loosening of the pressure on the Gaokao might actually cause lowering in the amount of cheating in the Gaokao, because there was so much pressure in performing well in the Gaokao that students tend to put great effort into cheating. So I think it still good to do it though the question will not be totally solved by the reform.Currently, the grading of extracurricular performances is within the discretion of teachers and some teachers just randomly give students scores before their graduation. Falsification of social engagement records is not an uncommon practice. Some parents worry they may have to trade bribes for better grades. Liang Yuancao admits:The problems of unfairness or even corruption might exist in a short term. But they are avoidable. Schools do have their ways to confirm the certifications and evaluate the qualities. Moreover, most of the practical activities should be held within the schools. Activities outside the schools just occupy a small part. Even if there are false elements, it will never affect the results.What Liang worries more is the fairness of evaluation within the schools. Zhou Xingguo gives out a solution:We will design a quantitative system for the comprehensive evaluation. The standards and the ways of the evaluation will be published to the students and parents. The evaluation results of every student will also be shown to the public. It will be a transparent course that leaves no room for black box operation. According to NPC Deputy Li Ruifeng, schools need more professional and persuasive replacements to convince the public that the change will not damage fairness but evaluates applicants more comprehensively.One of the most important functions for NPC deputies is supervising and advising. There are a big number of deputies who are teachers from universities and schools all over the country. What we care about most is the education in China, which will play a decisive role in China's development. It says it takes ten years to grow trees but a hundred years to rear people. A good system is needed to help cultivate the talents of our people. China resumed the Gaokao system in


  The past few years have witnessed a mounting number of universities allowing students to evaluate their teachers and even decide if they can stay on their positions or not. To this practice, people’s attitudes differ considerably. Some applaud it warmly whereas others criticize and even condemn it harshly.

  1. Since then, the exam has been called a single-plank bridge because of the wide gap between applicants and admissions. But in recent years, Gaokao has attracted criticism for its suffocation of students' innovative spirit, leading to serious brain drain. The number of students taking the Gaokao test has declined from its peak of 10.5 million in 2008 to some 9.4 million last year, and many top scorers chose to study in Hong Kong and Macau.


  Proponents of the practice may list the following reasons. In the first place, they assert that students are the people who know the most clearly about the teaching performance of a teacher, so they should have the say in evaluating him or her. In the second place, they contend that students have paid for their education, so they have the right to decide which teacher should be employed.

来源|中国国际广播电台 本网编辑|戴勇 阅读原文


  Opponents, however, point out that it is dangerous to leave the right to students to evaluate teachers. For one thing, students may not know what ought to be taught and how it should be taught; they may only judge a teacher according to his temper and even accent or appearance. For another, in order to please students, some teachers may resort to some improper means.


  Personally, I believe that both views are justifiable, and we should achieve a balance between them by employing the evaluating approach in a reasonable and beneficial way. To be specific, students should be allowed to evaluate their teachers, but they may not be the only decision-maker in the teachers’ fate.




  My View on Plastic Surgery

  As can be seen from the above charts, some important changes have taken place in the past years with regard to the employment of university graduates. In 1992, about 50% of the university graduates found suitable positions in state-owned firms, while only 18% of them were working in private firms. However, in 2002, private firms took almost 50% of graduate, while only 15% of them were willing to work in state-owned firms。

  The past few years have witnessed a mounting number of people undergoing plastic surgery. To this practice, people’s attitudes differ considerably. Some applaud it warmly whereas others criticize and even condemn it harshly. Personally, I am opposed to plastic surgery, and I base my position on the following reasons.

  It is no difficult job for us to come up with some possible factors that underlie the above changes. In the first place, most state-owned firms were still operated under planned economy, whose economic condition was not as good as expected. Therefore, fewer and fewer university graduates wanted to find jobs in state-owned firms. In the second place, private firms were run under market-oriented economy. There were flexible systems in private firms, in which university graduates were more likely to apply what they had learned in school to their work. Thus they could have more chances to be promoted, as they were willing to work in private firms。

  In the first place, I deem that physical appearances are always of less great importance than inner beauty and practical ability. In the second place, I am definitely opposed to the concept that there is an established norm of beauty. Instead, I hold that beauty, even in the physical sense, manifests itself in varied ways. Last but not least, as is well known, plastic surgery can be very dangerous, resulting in some irreversible injuries.

  From what has been discussed so far, I think that the employment situation in the state-owned firms won’t change much so long as the state-owned firms don’t change their system. And it can be predicted that the present situation will continue for quite a while in the near future。

  Indeed, there are some individuals who have achieved success in their career or life with the help of plastic surgery, but it must be pointed out that they belong to the absolute minority and that their success depends far more than their improved physical appearance.


  Taking into consideration all the above-mentioned, we may safely come to the conclusion that plastic surgery is definitely unnecessary for normal people. We should focus more on our inner world and try to attract others with our personality and intelligence.



  As can be clearly observed from the chart above, the trend of Chinese traveling abroad is going up these years. In the past three years, the number of Chinese traveling abroad was on a steady rise. According to the chart, the number increased from 7.5 million in 1999 to 10 in 2000 and to 12.1 million in 2001.

  College Students Playing Truant

  I assume that there are at least three main/primary/fundamental reasons/causes/factors accounting for the above mentioned changes. First and foremost, the changes are primarily concerned with the income of Chinese. They are better off and can afford to travel abroad. What’s more, they have a lot to do with the development of the travel industry in China. Travel agencies in growing/increasing/expanding/mounting numbers are attracting more people to join in their tours abroad. Last but no the least, the changes are closely related to our policy of opening up to the outside world。

  The past few years have witnessed a mounting number of college students playing truant. Taking a look around, one can find examples too many to enumerate. Sometimes, even less than half of the students in a class attend the lecture..

  From what has been discussed so far, it is obvious that the rise in the number of Chinese traveling abroad is of great concern to our life. It reflects the improvement of our living standards and the development of our economy。

  A number of factors may be responsible for this phenomenon. Personally, I can come up with the following ones. In the first place, there exist faults with the arrangement of curriculum. In other words, some courses are irrelevant, or far beyond or below students. In the second place, some teachers are responsible for the phenomenon. Their teaching is far from attractive or efficient. Lastly, there exist reasons on the part of students, many of whom have become restless under the influence of some social trends.




  As is profoundly depicted in the pie chart, we can come to a conclusion that a number of factors are responsible for a person’s choosing where he resides, we can see clearly from the pie chart that opportunities and the living cost account for a larger proportion of the total. However, at the same time, the other factors, such as income, living conditions, social connections and competition can not be neglected either。

  Currently, an increasing number of people do their utmost to swarm into the big cities, it is universally-held that there prove to be a number of reasons to be responsible for this social issue, in the first place, compared with the rural areas, the big cities usually offer more and better opportunities. What is more, to live in big cities is likely to widen our scope, which will be instrumental in our study as well as work. However, there exist a factor of significance that should be taken into account seriously, due to the soaring prices, especially the housing price, and the mounting inflationary, people living in big cities are compelled to live under huge pressure。

  In terms of the issue discussed above, the government concerned should do a great job with regard to administrative decision-making and support-measures, what is more, the nation as a whole should do whatever they can to create a happy and harmonious environment for its people。


  It is well- known that English learning is fairly important to the Chinese students, but it is also expensive. The Graph of Annual Expenses aims to show us the fact that in order to master the English language, students spend a large sum of money buying books, language tapes, CDs and VCDs each year. Money each student spends on books ranges from 10 to 60 yuan each year during the last three decades, which constitutes the largest portion of a student's total expens is learning English. What's more evident is that VCDs became a very popular means in 1999 with an average cost of 50 yuan per head, the use of which is helpful to students' listening comprehension. Therefore, they have spent 50 RMB yuan to buy VCD。

  No one can deny the fact that listening to language material on CDs is also a useful and convenient means to help students to appreciate English songs, music as well as the textbook material. Because CDs are clearer in sound and better in quality than cassette tapes, the sales on language tapes dropped dramatically and lost most of its market to CDs and VCDs in 1999.

  However, spending more money does not absolutely ensures a better acquisition of a foreign language. In the long run, I am determined to make full use of available tools to master English, and try to make all the books, CDs, VCDs well worth their expenses. (232 words)





    更多信息请访问:新浪考研频道 考研论坛