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2019-10-04 作者:外语留学   |   浏览(197)

  But more of them than ever are being stopped from driving for medical reasons。 In 2011 just over 10,000 over-70s were banned because of their health。 By last year, that figure had risen by a third to nearly 13,000 drivers。

They include taking half of the city's four million private cars off the roads on days when there are serious levels of pollution.


还是发现这篇文章的逻辑导图有点难整(也许对我来说都很难整),后来看了安妮的导图觉得真心比不过她的修为啊。之后又花了挺久做修改(以后也该像鲸鱼同学一样把before和after都发出来)。觉得难点在于虽然文章将数字医疗价值链粗略分为三类集团,但有些角色会兼具两类集团的成员,例如医院既是traditional innovator又是incumbent player,所以数字医疗带来的影响是两方面的,其一是提高了医院的效率,其二则是降低了病人的就诊率。但我认为数字医疗肯定是弊大于利的。有人也许认为量化生活让现代人过得太繁琐,为啥需要对自己了解得那么多呢,以前没有智能手环、体脂仪、心率计,不也过得好好么。但本文也提醒了我们这样的变化给我们健康和医疗带来了多么深远的影响,治疗糖尿病的最好办法就是让人们不患上糖尿病~~

Violence against doctors has been cited as one reason for a decrease in the popularity of medicine as a profession.

  The DVLA (Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency) says it is not clear why there has been such a surge in the number of older drivers losing their licence on health grounds。

The restrictions will operate between 6.30am and 9pm. The city council said in a statement: “vehicles with even-number registration plates will be allowed to drive around on even-number days and cars with odd-number registration plates on odd-number days”.

Mind map

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What could have caused such a tragedy to occur? The relatively high cost of treatment in a country where the average monthly salary is less than $600 may be one factor.

  Motorists over 70 are considered to be amongst the safest on the road。 Many avoid rush-hour and late-night driving and are said to cause fewer accident-related injuries than younger drivers。


Words and Phrases


原本望文生义以为是“远程给药”,实际应该翻译为“远程医疗”。因为medicine本身除了药物之外,就有治疗的意思:Medicine is the treatment of illness and injuries by doctors and nurses.

Thanks to IT, patients can now have telemedicine at home.


You use predictive to describe something such as a test, science, or theory that is concerned with determining what will happen in the future. (FORMAL)


Input methods use predictive texting to show the words you are likely to type.

a host of

■a large number of something    许多,大量

There's a whole host of reasons why he didn't get the job.   有一大堆理由可以解释他为甚么没有得到那份工作。

I always have a host of things to complain about.

cardiac arrest

Cardiac means relating to the heart. (MEDICAL)

cardiac arrest is a heart attack. (MEDICAL)

The prisoner's death was attributed to a cardiac arrest.

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

A method used to keep someone alive in a medical emergency, in which you blow into their mouth then press on their chest and then repeat the process    心肺复苏

to administer/perform CPR   实施心肺复苏

cardiopulmonary 与心肺有关的 from cardio-(pertaining to the heart)+pulmonary(of the lungs)

If you resuscitate someone who has stopped breathing, you cause them to start breathing again.

We should brush up on cardiopulmonary resuscitation every year.

help doctors with grubby hands to take notes and to request scans

grubby person or object is rather dirty.

If you call an activity or someone's behaviour grubby, you mean that it is not completely honest or respectable.

我的理解是帮助有grubby hands的医生来做笔记和要求做扫描,就是说grubby hands是形容医生的。脑补一下,比如医生做手术腾不出手做笔记,可以要求Alexa做笔记。但为啥说脏手呢。

one manifestation of a drive to disrupt an industry that has so far largely failed to deliver on the potential of digital information

If you say that something is manifest, you mean that it is clearly true and that nobody would disagree with it if they saw it or considered it. (FORMAL) =patent

If you manifest a particular quality, feeling, or illness, or if it manifests itself, it becomes visible or obvious. (FORMAL) =show

乐白家手机客户端,A manifestation of something is one of the different ways in which it can appear. (FORMAL)

Shared bike is a manifestation of sharing economy.

drive is a special effort made by a group of people for a particular purpose. =campaign

The ANC is about to launch a nationwide recruitment drive...

A long walk for an egg is a drive to raise money for children in the rural area.

deliver DO STH YOU SHOULD DO 做应该做的事, [I,T] to do or provide the things you are expected to, because you are responsible for them or they are part of your job  履行职责(承诺); 兑现: 

The company will deliver on its promises. 该公司将兑现承诺。

As a party member, you should deliver on your vow.

gather pace

( = happen more quickly ) 加快速度

Enemy's penetration is gathering pace.

Eliminating a fraction of this sum

fraction 分数(几分之几)

fraction of something is a tiny amount or proportion of it.

I opened my eyes just a fraction.

Could you just stop playing games for a fraction of second and grab something to eat?

sift data on outcomes for patients

(EXAMINE)/sɪft/ verb[T] to make a close examination of all the parts of something in order to find something or to separate what is useful from what is not

Big data is not equivalenc to tremendous amount of raw data, which must be sifted.

Fitbits are frequently derided for ending up in the back of a drawer

If you deride someone or something, you say that they are stupid or have no value. (FORMAL)

Today, warm-hearted people are derided as fools.

The startup is a good hedge for Sanofi...

Something that is a hedge against something unpleasant will protect you from its effects.

Insurance is a good hedge for injuries in your tour.

blockbuster insulin medication

blockbuster is a film or book that is very popular and successful, usually because it is very exciting. (INFORMAL)

Wolverine 3 is a recent blockbuster.

insulin 胰岛素

Diabetics are dependent on insulin.

that are most lucrative in commercial system

lucrative activity, job, or business deal is very profitable.

Internet business is very lucrative nowadays.

inpatient stays in hospitals

inpatient /ˈɪn.peɪ.ʃənt/ noun[C] a person who goes into hospital to receive medical care, and stays there one or more nights while they are being treated 住院病人 also an adjective.

More and more illnesses don't need to take inpatient treatment.

outpatient /ˈaʊt.peɪ.ʃənt/ noun[C] a person who goes to a hospital for treatment, but who does not stay any nights there

The week-long smog has caused the surge of respiratory outpatients.

demand for mammograms

mammogram is a test used to check whether women have breast cancer, using x-rays.

from mammo-(from Latin mamma"breast")+-gram(from Greekgramma"that which is drawn; a picture, a drawing; that which is written, a character, an alphabet letter, written letter, piece of writing;")

spells in hospital

(PERIOD)/spel/ noun[C] a period of time for which an activity or condition lasts continuously

Students are required to join a two-week spell of military training.

carried around by doctors and nurses

carry around字面意思就是带着到处跑,也就是随身携带

Computers are now small enough to carry around.

detect concussions

If you suffer concussion after a blow to your head, you lose consciousness or feel sick or confused. 脑震荡

... for use as a contraceptive

contraceptive is a device or drug that prevents a woman from becoming pregnant. 也可作形容词。

predict the onset of Alzheimer's /'æltshaɪmərz/, Parkinson's or even the menopause /m'enəpɔːz/

The onset of something is the beginning of it, used especially to refer to something unpleasant. = start

The conflict was the onset of a war of eight years.

The menopause is the time during which a woman gradually stops menstruating, usually when she is about fifty years old.

regulations on health data are less onerous

If you describe a task as onerous, you dislike having to do it because you find it difficult or unpleasant. (FORMAL)

Looking after a baby is onerous, let alone twins.

A GP is a doctor who does not specialize in any particular area of medicine, but who has a medical practice in which he or she treats all types of illness. GP is an abbreviation for `general practitioner'. 全科医生 Doctors are sometimes referred to as practitioners or medical practitioners. (FORMAL)

cavalier with their users' data

(WITHOUT CARE)/ˌkæv.əlˈɪəʳ/US/-ˈɪr/ adjective DISAPPROVING thoughtless and not caring about other people's feelings or safety

He treated me in a cavalier manner.

Chinese state media has condemned each of the attacks, with the Ministry of Public Security requiring hospitals with more than 2,000 patients to have at least 100 security guards present. But economic and legal issues still persist—including the for-profit nature of many hospitals and the lack of a clear route for patients to file malpractice claims.

  Glossary 词汇表 

China's capital, Beijing, has announced measures to combat worsening air pollution, state-run media report.

Violence may stem from patient dissatisfaction with care, costs associated with insurance premiums, unrealistic expectations, and overworked and underpaid hospital staff, as well as the rising cost of health care due to the government's inability to subsidize hospital operations. Lack of a third-party formal dispute resolution system in many hospitals has been suggested as a factor, and the acceptance of bribes or good-faith money in the form of red packets has been implicated. Media coverage, and a lack of health literacy amongst the Chinese population, who may often seek unnecessary high-level care, have also been implicated.


There are exceptions to the ban, such as for mopeds, hybrid cars, those carrying three people or more or used by disabled people. Buses, taxis and emergency vehicles are also exempt.

Medical conflicts and disputes erupted in the county hospitals every month. Rising numbers of health professionals have experienced verbal or physical violence from patients.

  实习编辑:王雨欣 责任编辑:赵润琰

On Thursday, city environment councillor Ines Sabanes said the ban would not be extended as smog levels had dropped by the required amount. Other measures, including a ban on street parking for non-residents and reduced speed limits, will continue.



The new system will give out four different degrees of air pollution warning - blue, yellow, amber and red, Xinhua news agency reports.

Social conflict, loss of trust, and unbalanced demand and supply of medical resources underlie the rise in violence.



As China’s health sector has become increasingly commercialized, conflicts between patients and doctors have been escalating, sometimes even erupting in violence against health professionals.

  老年人一向被认为是最安全的司机群体。他们一般不会在交通高峰时段上路,发生事故的机率也比年轻司机小很多。可是越来越多的老年司机在英国被撤销驾照了,原因是什么呢?请听 Judith Moritz 的报道:

Madrid has ordered half of most private cars off the roads on Thursday to tackle worsening air pollution, a first in Spain.


  on health grounds基于健康理由

Motor vehicles are considered a major source of pollution.



Cars drive on a motorway towards Madrid, Spain December 28, 2016

In recent years, disputes between doctors and patients in China have been increasingly common, resulting in frequent bouts of "verbal violence", physical altercates and even severe injuries and death in the most extreme cases.

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Enough awareness must be attached to the severity and complexity of medical dispute in China.


The system will be based on a vehicle's licence plate - odd numbers will be allowed on the roads one day, even numbers the next.

China is no stranger to hospital brawls(争吵).


Four of world's biggest cities to ban diesel cars from their centres



“It’s not about traffic restrictions but about the important issue of public health,” deputy mayor Marta Higueras said. “Lots of people suffer from breathing problems and are very affected by pollution.”

In some cases, doctors charged with saving lives are having their own cut short—murdered in cold blood over financial concerns, unhappiness with the quality of treatment, or the unfortunate death of a loved one who was under their care.


Read more

Medical conflicts and disputes erupted in the county hospitals every month. Rising numbers of health professionals have experienced verbal or physical violence from patients.


The measure is activated when levels of harmful nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere go above 200 microgrammes per cubic metre in at least two measuring stations for two days running, and if the air is unlikely to clear imminently.

In recent years, some patients have resorted to violent attacks when they are not satisfied with the medical services received.



The government needs to invest more funds to improve the healthcare sector, especially because it is still very difficult for poor people to get proper medical care. The lack of medical facilities for the lower-income group has led to many conflicts for which doctors have been blamed.


Historical precedent, culture and economics all factor into creating the reality that is today’s doctor-patient relationship.

  medical reasons由于医疗原因

Violence against medical staff has made headlines in recent years, underscoring strained doctor-patients in China.


The safety improvements did raise their sense of safety but does not tackle the fundamental problems that cause strained relationships between doctors and patients.返回搜狐,查看更多

Even worse, the attacks have already been shown to severely dampen the morale of doctors.

There is a severe shortage of medical resources in China.

The increased violence has drawn widespread attention from the public, who have called for more effective solutions.

Doctors are often blamed if a patient fails to recover or dies—even if the ailment is terminal and no malpractice has occurred.

Violence against doctors and other medical practitioners in China has been reported as an increasing problem.

The root cause of these tragedies may correlated with the surprisingly low opinion many Chinese have of doctors—considered among the most prestigious and respectable professions in Western societies.

Violence against doctors in China has become a familiar occurrence.

In most western countries, medicine is a profession that guarantees prestige, high salaries—and the approval of parents who love to brag about “my child the doctor”. But in China, the reverse is increasingly true: doctors are ill-paid, overworked and maligned or –while many parents would prefer that they became bankers instead. Even Chinese doctors overwhelmingly prefer their children not to follow them into the profession.


Many of the reported attacks on Chinese medical practitioners have been by patients or their family members who were dissatisfied with the care they received.

Medical professionals across China are increasingly becoming victims of physical violence at the hands of disgruntled patients.



A spate of attacks on doctors and nurses in the past two years has prompted the health ministry to provide better security at hospitals.

The government is currently working on reforming the medical industry, including breaking the tie between the doctor’s income and the hospital’s profitability. The hope is that this action will go far toward improving doctor-patient trust.

Doctors are obviously a disadvantaged group in society," says an orthopedist at a prestigious Beijing hospital who speaks on condition of anonymity. "We have spent so much of our youth on a medical degree that yields so little economic reward. And in the end, we become like a public enemy.

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The Chinese police will crack down on hospital-related crimes and show zero tolerance to perpetrators who assault and injure medical personnel.